Dynamic Loot Modification

From Forge Community Wiki

Global Loot Modifiers are a data-driven method of handling modification of harvested drops without the need to overwrite dozens to hundreds of vanilla loot tables or to handle effects that would require interactions with another mod's loot tables without knowing what mods may be loaded. Global Loot Modifiers are also stacking, rather than last-load-wins as modifications to loot tables would be.

Registering a Global Loot Modifier

You will need 3 things:

  1. Create a global_loot_modifiers.json file at /data/forge/loot_modifiers/
    • This will tell Forge about your modifiers and works similar to tags.
  2. A serialized json representing your modifier at /data/<modID>/loot_modifiers/
    • This will contain all of the data about your modification and allows data packs to tweak your effect.
  3. A class that extends LootModifier
    • The operational code that makes your modifier work and associated codec.

Finally, the codec for your operational class is registered as any other registry object.

The global_loot_modifiers.json

All you need to add here are the file names of your loot modifiers. These are the names of the json files you have made in the loot_modifiers folder, in ResourceLocation format.

  "replace": false,
  "entries": [

replace causes the cache of modifiers to be cleared fully when this asset loads (mods are loaded in an order that may be specified by a data pack). For modders you will want to use false while data pack makers may want to specify their overrides with true.

entries is an ordered list of the modifiers that will be loaded. Any modifier that is not listed will not be loaded and the ones listed are called in the order listed. This is primarily relevant to data pack makers for resolving conflicts between modifiers from separate mods.

The serialized json

This file contains all of the potential variables related to your modifier, including the conditions that must be met prior to modifying any loot as well as any other parameters your modifier might have. Avoid hard-coded values where ever possible so that data pack makers can adjust balance if they wish to.

  "conditions": [
      "condition": "minecraft:match_tool",
      "predicate": {
        "item": "minecraft:shears"
      "condition": "minecraft:block_state_property",
      "block": "minecraft:wheat"
  "seedItem": "minecraft:wheat_seeds",
  "numSeeds": 3,
  "replacement": "minecraft:wheat"

In the above example, the modification only happens if the player harvests wheat when using shears (specified by the two conditions which are automatically ANDed together). The seedsItem and numSeeds values are then used to count how many seeds were generated by the vanilla loot table, and if matched, are substituted for an additional replacement item instead. The operation code will be shown below.

conditions is the only object needed by the system specification, everything else is the mod maker's data.

seedItem, numSeeds and replacement are NOT standard elements of Global Loot Modifiers.

They are deserialized manually in the next section.

The LootModifier Subclass

You will also need a Codec<T> where T is your LootModifier subclass in order to deserialize your json data file into operational code. The codec must be registered.

     * When harvesting wheat with shears, this modifier is invoked via the wheat_harvest loot_modifier json<br/>
     * This modifier checks how many seeds were harvested and turns X seeds into Y wheat (3:1)
// Assume there exists a <code>IForgeRegistry<Codec<T extends LootModifier>></code> LOOT_MODIFIER_REGISTRAR added by a mod
private static class WheatSeedsConverterModifier extends LootModifier
        public static final RegistryObject<Codec<WheatSeedsConverterModifier>> CODEC = LOOT_MODIFIER_REGISTRAR.register("wheat_seeds_converter", () -> 
        RecordCodecBuilder.create(inst -> codecStart(inst).and(
                        Codec.INT.fieldOf("numSeeds").forGetter(m -> m.numSeedsToConvert),
                        ForgeRegistries.ITEMS.getCodec().fieldOf("seedItem").forGetter(m -> m.itemToCheck),
                        ForgeRegistries.ITEMS.getCodec().fieldOf("replacement").forGetter(m -> m.itemReward)
                )).apply(inst, WheatSeedsConverterModifier::new)

        private final int numSeedsToConvert;
        private final Item itemToCheck;
        private final Item itemReward;
        public WheatSeedsConverterModifier(LootItemCondition[] conditionsIn, int numSeeds, Item itemCheck, 
             Item reward)
            numSeedsToConvert = numSeeds;
            itemToCheck = itemCheck;
            itemReward = reward;

        public ObjectArrayList<ItemStack> doApply(ObjectArrayList<ItemStack> generatedLoot, LootContext context) {
            // Additional conditions can be checked, though as much as possible should be parameterized via JSON data.
            // It is better to write a new ILootCondition implementation than to do things here.
            int numSeeds = 0;
            generatedLoot.stream().filter(stack -> stack.getItem() == itemToCheck)
                   .forEach(stack -> numSeeds+=stack.getCount())
            if(numSeeds >= numSeedsToConvert) {
                generatedLoot.removeIf(x -> x.getItem() == itemToCheck);
                generatedLoot.add(new ItemStack(itemReward, (numSeeds/numSeedsToConvert)));
                numSeeds = numSeeds%numSeedsToConvert;
                if(numSeeds > 0)
                    generatedLoot.add(new ItemStack(itemToCheck, numSeeds));
            return generatedLoot;

        public Codec<? extends IGlobalLootModifier> codec() {
            return CODEC.get();

The critical portion is the doApply method.

This method is only called if the conditions specified return true and the modder is now able to make the modifications they desire. In this case we can see that the number of itemToCheck meets or exceeds the numSeedsToConvert before modifying the list by adding an itemReward and removing any excess itemToCheck stacks, matching the previously mentioned effects: When a wheat block is harvested with shears, if enough seeds are generated as loot, they are converted to additional wheat instead.

The codec can also be used for data generation with a GlobalLootModifierProvider.

Additional examples can be found on the Forge Git repository, including silk touch and smelting effects.